Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Replacing Internal Combustion Engine with Clean and Renewable Energy Based Auxiliary Power Sources


A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) uses an internal combustion engine to extend its cruising range, and to produce the electric power needed to be supplied to its electric motor when the charge level of the vehicle’s battery becomes low and reaches a predetermined state of charge (SOC). This project provides a better solution by replacing the internal combustion engine of a PHEV with a small-size photovoltaic (PV) module located on the roof of the PHEV, and a micro wind turbine located in front of the PHEV, behind the condenser of the air conditioning system.

Thus, this study proposes a novel battery/PV/wind hybrid power source to be utilized in PHEVs. The power source equipped with vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology is composed of a 19.2-kWh Lithium (Li)-ion battery used as the main energy storage device, and a PV module and a wind energy conversion system. A prototype of the battery/PV/wind hybrid power source has been constructed and utilized in a PHEV. Experimental verifications are presented that demonstrate utilizing the PV module and micro wind turbine adds 19.6 km to the cruising range of a PHEV with the weight of 1880 kg during two sunny days, and provides higher power efficiency (91.2%) and speed (121 km/h). Highly accurate dc-link voltage regulation and producing an appropriate three-phase stator current for the traction motor by using pulse width modulation technique are the other contributions of this project.

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